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Acerca de Arequipa

Arequipa is the second most important city of Peru, located at 1009 km South of Lima.
It is to a height of 2325 m.a.s.l. surrounded by three main mountains:

Misti (5822 m.a.s.l.), Chachani (6075 m.a.s.l.) Pichu-Pichu (5564 m.a.s.l.)

With a population of 1'000,000  inhabitants. 
The city was occupied by the puquinas, lupakas, inkas and was been founded by Spanish (Basque and Andalusian)
August 15 th , 1540, this city was plannified and built in a form of a damero.

In the year 2000 the old part of the city was declared as Mankind's Historical Monument and it is also known as the ‘Ciudad Blanca' (White City), due to its constructions made of ashlar

The city's main industry is mining,  the gold, silver, copper, zink, etc. are exploted, factories of steel, fish flour, a great production of olive oil, wines and piscos, chocolates, factories producers of  alpaca, vicuña and guanaco fibers, brewery, agua ardiente of anisette, etc, agriculture, the production of onions, garlics, potatoes and lived corn and cattle raising.

Arequipa  has 4 universities, one of them is national. Arequipa is also a tourist city. The starting point for the Colca Valley.

Arequipa has 29 districts and the department 7 providences.

In the department influences such as Tiwanako , Wari, Nazca, Lupaka, Colla, Inka, among others were had.

During the colony, Arequipa was known for its illustration, the high academic level achieved by its  inhabitants, the majority of them were mestizos and white people.

The varied geology makes of Arequipa a paradise for geologists, and due to the clear accent and  slow of Spanish a delight for the students of this language.

Arequipa is the world capital of the alpaca  wool and it is main place of the mining congress.
The weather   :   Arequipa is temperate during the day with decreasing temperature at night. The sun shines in Arequipa 300 days a year, with a rainy climate during  January to March, and temperatures of 25 C during the day and 11 C at night. In winter the temperature is 21 C during the day and at night it can arrive at 4C. From  September to December, 25 C during the day and at night more than 11 C. From January to March there are moderate rains.

The city has a lot of attractions like colonial hybrid architecture shown in churches, convents and manors. Also in the city surroundings you can appreciate the beautiful traditional settlements with its churches and natural landscapes.

It is not far from the tourist destinies: the Valley of Colca, Valley of Cotahuasi, Titicaca Lake, Cusco, Machu Picchu, Port Maldonado, Camana and Mollendo beach, and the volcanic mountain range of the andes.

In Arequipa you can visit different places. The  Monastery of Santa Catalina  ( www.santacatalina.org.pe ), , Monastery of Santa Teresa ( www.museocarmelitas.com ), , Moral´s House,Calle Moral 318 from mo.to fri.from 9:00 a.m to 5:00 p.m,  Museum Andean Sanctuaries http://www.ucsm.edu.pe/santury/  Museum of the Unsa   http://www.unsa.edu.pe , the convent of La Recoleta (museum and library (old books )), phone . 270966,  Recoleta  117, Yanahuara. Mo-Sa  9:00 to 12:00 and 15:00 to17:00 and  Sa.

Here in Arequipa you can try delicious traditional food. The hybrid nature of which, reveals itself in several ways. The local "picanterias" (spicy food restaurants) are there for the delight of the passer-by.

Arequipa is connected to all the cities in the country, so you can plan your excursion to :
Cusco (Machu Picchu)
Nazca (Nazca Lines)
Paracas (Ballestas Islands)
Puno ( Titicaca Lake)

Also fom Arequipa you can connect to :
Cordova (Argentina)  
Arica and Santiago (Chile)  
La Paz (Bolivia)

Also you can visit this site for more information:
Some writers about Arequipa: "...pues tu divino ingenio ba producido en Arequipa eterna primavera..."
Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, "La Galatea (El Canto de Calíope)"
"Nada entendido en heráldica el demócrata que esto escribe, atiénese a la explicación que sobre tal alegoría da un cronista. Dice que la inscripción de la bandera expresa la posesión que el rey tomó de Arequipa y que al colocar aquélla, no bajo los pies, sino en la mano del grifo, quiso el monarca manifestar su aprecio por la ciudad, no pisándola como a vasalla, sino dándola la mano como a favorecida. Si hay quien lo explique mejor, que levante el dedo."                                                       

Ricardo Palma, "Tradiciones Peruanas"

"... siempre me he sentido  muy arequipeño, y yo tambien creo que las bromas que corren por el Perú - dicen que somos arrogantes, antipáticos y hasta locos -se deben a que nos tienen envidia. ¿No hablamos el castellano más castizo?......Mario Vargas Llosa, "Diccionario del Amante de América Latina"